Doctor of Philosophy in Management (PhD)

Doctor of Philosophy -abbreviated as Ph.D., or DPhil- is in many countries a postgraduate academic degree awarded by universities. The academic level known as a Doctorate of philosophy varies considerably according to the country, institution, and time period, from entry-level research degrees to higher doctorates. A person who attains a doctorate of philosophy is automatically awarded the academic title of doctor. Since the middle Ages, there has been considerable evolution and proliferation in the number and types of doctorates awarded by universities throughout the world, and practices vary from one country to another. While a doctorate usually entitles one to be addressed as “doctor,” usage of the title varies widely, depending on the type of doctorate earned and the doctor’s occupation.

The MUA distance learning pedagogy does not imply painful memorization techniques. Instead, it teaches students to think critically thus increasing their intellectual capacity. It leads the student to a private and personal learning experience. What is assessed is the student’s thinking process and not data memorization.

The key to successful learning is in the type of mental process that takes place when we extract information from a text and how we have to reprocess and express it in the form of written work. Studying becomes an active phenomenon that enables comprehension (reading and search for data), new mental schemata (concepts hierarchy and interrelation) and input transformation (data reorganization and writing). The newly acquired thinking structures do not rely on classic memorization and help to increase our reasoning capacity and problem-solving skills. This intellectual improvement is permanent and ever expanding. Learning at MUA will not become just getting trained in our life, but should become a permanent absorption.

If a MUA graduate wishes to pursue a program at another university, he/she should verify first that the credits earned at Manchester Universal Academy are transferable. Many institutions are reluctant to accept credits from a non-formal distance education university and/ or from a non-CHEA accredited institution. Note that accreditation (including the one granted by CHEA–USA) does not automatically provide an acceptance and/or a validation of a distance learning degree, nor does it guarantee its acceptance by hiring firms. For these reasons, it is the student responsibility to check with his/her potential university and/or employer the acceptability of a MUA distance learning degree, prior to enrollment.

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